VIDEO: Cutting Edge: Art & Science of Climate Change Video May 13, 2014 This video, “Cutting Edge: Art & Science of Climate Change,” features talks by two leading Arctic researchers and a panel discussion on the role artists and scientists can play in helping to communicate climate change to the public. "Cutting Edge" is a lecture series which presents diverging views on some of the most pressing issues humanity faces today. VIDEO: Vampire bats remain a holdout on the global stage of rabies control Video September 11, 2014 A research fellow at the University of Glasgow, Scotland, Daniel Streicker studies the ecology and evolution of emerging infectious diseases. Streicker’s research is aimed at detecting RABV variants and accurate identification of reservoir hosts. This is critical because some vampire bat species in the Amazon continue feeding on human blood in turn infecting their victims with rabies. Spread across four regions of Peru, Streicker has identified the individual and population level factors driving rabies virus transmission in 20 bat colonies. James Elser hopes phosphate recycling can solve two environmental problems James Elser hopes phosphate recycling can solve two environmental problems Member Spotlight July 23, 2014 Growing up sailing on a lake near his Connecticut home, AAAS fellow and biogeochemical limnologist James Elser dreamed of a career that would let him work in the great outdoors. But it wasn't until he took a summer field course and discovered liminology, a whole science devoted to lakes and the things that live in them, that he knew where to set sail. NIH says its time to start using female animals too NIH says it's time to start using female animals too Capitol Connection June 24, 2014 According to data recently released by the Food and Drug Administration, women report more adverse drug reactions than do men. While this finding could be due to greater reporting of side effects by women, it also may have something to do with the longstanding bias against using female animals in preclinical medical research. Yves Carrière Yves Carrière's holistic approach to pest control Member Spotlight June 17, 2014 AAAS Fellow Yves Carrière uses a burgeoning discipline called landscape ecology to keep insects vulnerable to insecticides and genetically modified crops. The use of genetically engineered seeds to make crops resist pests has become increasingly common throughout the U.S., but the practice has many critics. This doesn’t faze Carrière.  Kenneth Nealson Kenneth Nealson's discoveries defy long-held assumptions Member Spotlight May 19, 2014 When you step into Kenneth Nealson's lab, it would be normal to look around for the bench where his research is done. But in this lab, there aren't any signs that assign benches to specific researchers. "Oh yes," Nealson says, throwing out his arms. "All this is mine." VIDEO: Janet Jansson: Soil microbes awakening in Arctic permafrost Video May 13, 2014 Janet Jansson is a senior staff scientist at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory’s Earth Sciences Division and adjunct professor in the Department of Plant and Microbial Biology at University of California, Berkeley. Jansson's research focuses on understanding key functions carried out by microorganisms in complex microbial communities, such as those residing in soil, sediment and the human gut. VIDEO: Microbes eating away nation's sewer systems Video April 23, 2014 Tremendous numbers and diverse species of bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa exist in the air, in water systems, and on surfaces, forming microbial communities or “microbiomes.” All of the environments we build contain microbiomes: houses, offices, stores, hospitals, modes of transportation, and more. Neuroscientists have a nested data problem (and they're not alone) Driving Force May 1, 2014 Neuroscientists have an ever-increasing array of high-tech techniques at their disposal. These tools allow researchers to make increasingly detailed measurements from individual neurons, and even components, of individual neurons. Unfortunately, they also have led to a statistical problem: the improper analysis of nested data. According to a recent report, 53 percent of molecular, cellular and developmental neuroscience papers published in five prominent journals contained nested data that call into question the true strength of these papers’ findings. Exploring the many effects of mother’s milk 2014 Annual Meeting: Exploring the many effects of mother’s milk Monday, February 17, 2014 When mammalian mothers produce milk for their babies, they provide more than just food. Mother’s milk also helps develop an infant’s immune system and contains signaling molecules that program how a baby will grow and respond to stressful situations. Harvard human evolutionary biology professor Katie Hinde studies these signaling molecules and presented her findings at the 2014 AAAS annual meeting.